It become very interesting for many travelers when they travel to Iran and get familiar with the different population and ethnic groups . Following article are brief summaries of the main ethnic groups and different tribes you’ll find in Iran. Iran’s Population has more than doubled since the Islamic revolution. In 2014 the Population of Iran was more than 78 million, with almost 70% of those under the age of 30 year old and about one-third under the age of 15 relatively makes Iran a young country.
Persians are the descendants of the original Elamite and Aryan races who arrived in what is now Iran during the 3rd millennium BC. The Persians, Or Fars peoples, were original the tribes that came to establish the Achaemenid Empire and now make up about 50% of the Iran’s Population. Persians are found across Iran, But Tehran, Mash’had, Isfahan, Yazd and Particularly Shiraz have the highest concentrations. Farsi, is the main Iranian language and Persian culture is often considered as Iranian Culture.
Azari population in and around northwest of Iran
Commonly called “Turks” of Azari in Iran, the Azaris make up about 25% of the Iran’s population. They Speak Azari Turkish, a dialect mixing Turkish with Farsi. They are concentrated in northwest of Iran, in the Azarbaijan provinces and in cities like Tabriz, Orumiyeh, Ardebil and Zanjan.
Kurds of Iran
Iran has more than 6 million Kurds. The Kurds claim to being the oldest Iranian people in the region, descended from the Medes, however in Iran, kurds live in the west mountainous cities and particularly Kordestan province near the Iraqi Border. Beside Iran, kurds are also live in some part of Syria and Turkey and Iraq, Kurds comprise nearly 10% of Iran’s population, but there are several different Kurdish sub-groups speaking languages that are almost mutually unintelligible. Kurds around Howraman and Paveh are the most traditional and speak poetic Hurami. Kurds in Sanandaj usually speak Sorani. However, some Kurds around Kermanshah are Kermanji.
Arabs of Iran
Arabs make up about 3% of the Iranian Population and are settled mostly in khuzestan province, near the Iraq border, and on the coast and islands of the Persian Gulf in Hormozgan province from where they are often called bandari, as bandar means port, because of their historical links to the sea. Arabs of Iran speaks different dialect of Arabic differ from those in Arabic countries, the Arab tribes dress different too.
Lors and their ethnic populations
These proud peoples constitute about 2% of Iranian Population and are thought to be descendants of the first peoples in the regions, the Kassites and Medes. Many Speak Lori, such as Bakhtiari tribes, Boyer Ahmadi also, Dezfuli and Shushtari Tribes, and about half remains their life as a nomad.
Making up about 2% of the Iranian population, Iranian Turkmen are descended from the nomadic Turk tribes that once ruled Iran. They live in the northeast of Iran, especially around Gorgan and Gonbad-e Kavus. Turken’s of Iran speak their own Turkish Language.
Baluchi ethnic tribes
The population of Sistan va Baluchestan province is largely Baluchi. The Baluchi tribes comprise around 2% of Iranian Population and are part of greater whole that spreads into western Pakistan and Afghanistan. The Baluchi Culture and language as well as dress are more associated with Pakistan than Iran.
Nomads of Iran
About a million people still live as Nomads in Iran despite repeated attempts to settle them. Most migrate between cooler mountain areas in summer and low lying warmer regions during winter, following pasture for their goat and sheep. The Nomad migrations time are during April and November. The Majrity of Nomads are Turkish Qashqai and Lors of Bakhtiari, but there are also Nomadic Kurds and Baluchis and Azeri Tribes such as Shahsavan tribes.0