The Mausoleum Of Hafez in Shiraz is One of the great Shirazi Poet, Sheikh Shams-ed Din Mohammad, Or Hafez (meaning one who can recite the Quran from memory) as he become known, Hafez was born in Shiraz in about 1324. His father died while he was still young so Hafez was educated by some of the city’s leading scholars.
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Hafez was reciting Quran from Memory as he become known, apart from memorising the Quran at an early age, Hafez also became interested in literature and wrote many verses still used in everyday speech. Hafez’s collections of poems, known as Divan-e Hafez and has a strong mystical quality and is often virtually untranslatable; however, much of Divan-e Hafez was also about nightingales, courtship and wine.
Although Hafez lived in turbulent times, He refused many generous invitations to some of the great court of the time, both inside and outside of Iran, because of his love for his birthplace, Shiraz and Iran, finally Hafez died at the age of 65 in 1389.
Iranian have saying that every home must have two thing, first the Quran and then the second the Divan-e Hafez. and many would reverse that tradition. Hafez, the poet is an Iranian folk-hero loved, revered and as popular as many a modern pop star. Almost every Iranian can quote his poems, bending it to whichever social or daily life. And there is no better place to try to understand Hafez’s eternal hold on Iran than here, at Mausoleum and tomb of Hafez.
Tomb of Hafez is set in a charming garden with its two pools, the whole scene is restful despite the ever-present traffic noise. The marble Tomb of Hafez, engraved with a long verse from the Divan-e Hafez and was placed here, inside a small Mausoleum, by Karim Khan in 1773 while the present octagonal monument was put up over in 1935, the octagonal monument over the tomb of Hafez supported by eight stone columns beneath a tiled dome.
The Mausoleum Of Saadi in Shiraz is One of the great Shirazi Poet, Sheikh Mohhamad Shams-ed Din, Known as Sa’adi, lived from about 1207 to 1291, Saadi, is not only famous in Persian-speaking countries, but has also been quoted in western sources. He is recognized for the quality of his writings and for the depth of his social and moral thoughts. Saadi is widely recognized as one of the most prominent and greatest poets of the classical literary tradition of Iran.
Saadi’s most famous works, the Golestan (Rose Garden) and Bustan (Garden of trees) have been translated into many languages.
Bustan is entirely in verse and epic metre and consists of stories aptly illustrating the standard virtues recommended to Muslims (justice, liberality, modesty, contentment) as well as of reflections on the behaviour of dervishes and their ecstatic practices.
Gulestan is mainly in prose and contains stories and personal anecdotes. The text is interspersed with a variety of short poems, containing aphorisms, advice, and humorous reflections. Saadi demonstrates a profound awareness of the absurdity of human existence. The fate of those who depend on the changeable moods of kings is contrasted with the freedom of the dervishes. Gulistan was an influence on the fables of Jean de La Fontaine.